Course Details


Dialysis is the artificial process of eliminating waste (diffusion) and unwanted water (ultra-filtration) from the blood. Our kidneys do this naturally. Some people, however, may have failed or damaged kidneys which cannot carry out the function properly- they may need dialysis.
Dialysis may be used for patients who have become ill and have acute kidney failure (temporary loss of kidney function), or for fairly stable patients who have permanently lost kidney function.

    1. Dialysis is a vital medical procedure used to perform the functions of the kidneys artificially when they are unable to adequately filter waste and excess fluid from the blood. Here are some key points about dialysis:

      1. Purpose: The primary purpose of dialysis is to remove waste products, toxins, and excess fluids from the bloodstream, which are normally eliminated by healthy kidneys. This helps maintain the balance of electrolytes and fluids in the body, which is essential for overall health and well-being.

      2. Types of Dialysis: There are two main types of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.

        • Hemodialysis: In hemodialysis, blood is removed from the body through a catheter or access point, filtered through a dialysis machine to remove waste and excess fluid, and then returned to the body. This process typically takes place at a dialysis center several times a week.
        • Peritoneal Dialysis: Peritoneal dialysis involves the use of the peritoneum, a membrane lining the abdomen, as a natural filter. A special fluid called dialysate is introduced into the abdomen through a catheter, and waste products and excess fluid pass from the bloodstream into the dialysate solution. The solution is then drained out, along with the waste products, and replaced with fresh dialysate. Peritoneal dialysis can be performed at home or in a clinical setting.
      3. Indications for Dialysis: Dialysis may be necessary for individuals with acute kidney failure, where there is a temporary loss of kidney function due to sudden illness or injury. It is also used for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who have permanently lost kidney function and require ongoing dialysis to manage their condition. Common causes of CKD include diabetes, high blood pressure, and glomerulonephritis.

      4. Management and Support: Patients undergoing dialysis require regular monitoring of their condition, including blood pressure, fluid levels, and electrolyte balance. They also need to adhere to dietary restrictions and medication regimens prescribed by their healthcare providers. Dialysis treatment is often accompanied by lifestyle changes to optimize health outcomes and improve quality of life.

      In summary, dialysis is a life-saving treatment for individuals with kidney failure or impaired kidney function, allowing them to maintain a relatively normal lifestyle and manage their condition effectively with the support of healthcare professionals.